Lifestyle diseases are illnesses that are caused by people’s daily lifestyles. Habits that keep people from being active and push them toward a sedentary lifestyle can lead to a variety of health problems, including chronic non-communicable diseases with life-threatening effects.
These disorders were once thought to be diseases of industrialized countries, or “Western diseases” or “affluent diseases”, but they are now classified as non-communicable and chronic diseases, which are part of the degenerative diseases category. Chronic disease can lead to loss of independence, years of infirmity, or death, as well as a significant financial load on healthcare systems.
Susceptibility to various diseases is assumed to be influenced by diet and lifestyle. Certain chronic diseases, such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and some types of cancer, have risk factors that are similar to prolonged exposure to three modifiable lifestyle behaviours: smoking, unhealthy eating, and physical inactivity or lack of or excessive exercise, which may raise the chance of acquiring certain diseases, particularly later in life.
During the latter part of the twentieth century, people in many Western countries began to consume more meat, dairy products, vegetable oils, tobacco, sugary foods, sugary beverages, and alcoholic beverages. People also had more sedentary lifestyles and had higher obesity rates. Following this nutritional adjustment, rates of colon cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, endometrial cancer, and lung cancer began to rise.
People in poor countries have lower risks of these cancers because their diets still rely heavily on low-sugar starchy foods with little meat or fat. Tobacco and alcohol use are not the only causes. Adults can develop lifestyle diseases as a result of behavioural influences. Unemployment, a dangerous lifestyle, a poor social environment, job circumstances, stress all raise their chance of contracting one of these non-communicable illnesses.
According to a report published by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) in 2017, non-communicable diseases accounted for three of the top five individual causes of disease burden in India, with ischemic heart disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ranking first and second, respectively, and stroke ranking fifth. In India, the disease burden, or DALY rate, varied by 9-fold for ischemic heart disease, 4-fold for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 6-fold for stroke, and 4-fold for diabetes in 2016. Non-communicable diseases were responsible for 62% of all deaths from the main disease groups.
Non-communicable disease prevention refers to treatments or activities that try to lower the risk of a disease or illness impacting people. Children can avoid lifestyle diseases if their parents guide them in the right direction, as early life decisions and influences can have long-term consequences. Tobacco smoking can be reduced to reduce the risk of lifestyle diseases. To begin with, the Australian government mandated plain packaging for all tobacco products and raised tobacco production costs. Obesity can be avoided by leading a balanced lifestyle that includes a healthy diet and exercise. A new lifestyle change can begin with 30 minutes of moderate activity per day or 150 minutes of moderate intensity exercise each week.
Moderate exercise can be anything from a brisk walk to a swim to a bike ride, or it can be as simple as mowing the yard or cleaning the house. Furthermore, studies have shown that early childhood exercise can lessen the chance of acquiring metabolic illnesses later in life. Giving up smoking and other substances, lowering one’s intake of alcohol, processed meats (like bacon and sausages), red meats (like hog, cattle, and lamb), fatty foods, and engaging in daily exercise can all help to prevent lifestyle illness. However, new research suggests that eating unprocessed foods can help avoid recurring respiratory tract infections in youngsters. Because they are unprocessed beef, green vegetables, and whole dairy can be advantageous when compared to processed diets. Unlike other varieties of red meat, beef has the potential to be beneficial to one’s health. Excessive consumption of these foods can be harmful to one’s health. Certain foods and activities should be consumed in moderation, such as smoking and drinking.
“Your health account, your bank account, they’re the same thing. The more you put in, the more you can take out.”
– Jack LaLanne
Author: Ms. Jyoti Verma